A chalazion is a swelling in the eyelid that creates a cyst. It is caused by inflammation of one of the small oil-producing glands (meibomian glands) in the upper and lower eyelids. The word chalazion comes from the Greek for a small lump.
A chalazion is not the same as a stye, which is also a lump in the eyelid. A stye is an infection of a lash follicle that forms a red, sore lump near the edge of the eyelid, while a chalazion is an inflammatory reaction to trapped oil secretions.
Chalazion are not caused by bacteria, although they can, rarely, become infected by bacteria. Antibiotics therefore do not play much role in their treatment. In most cases, antibiotics are more likely to cause side-effects than to help.
Chalazion tend to be situated further from the edge of the eyelid than styes, and are generally pointed towards the inside of the eyelid. Sometimes a chalazion can cause the entire eyelid to swell suddenly.
When a chalazion is small and without symptoms, it may disappear on its own. If a chalazion is large, it may cause blurred vision.
You can treat many chalazion at home using warm compresses and massage to soften and drain them. Follow these steps twice a day:
1. Soak the eyelids for ten minutes with a hot wet flannel — as hot as you can stand but not so hot that you burn yourself. An easy way to make a long-lasting warm compress is to wrap a boiled egg or potato in a wet washcloth, which will maintain heat for long time.
2. After the eyelids are soft and refreshed from the hot compress, clean the debris from the glands at the bases of the eyelashes. Using a fingertip or a cotton bud, vigorously scrub the bases of the eyelashes. The principle is similar to brushing your teeth but here you can use a side-to-side motion. Perform ten strokes per eyelid across the entire length of the eyelid. You can use plain water for this brushing but many patients claim better results if they use a dilute solution of one capful of Johnson's Baby Shampoo in a glass of water. This cleaning dislodges the caked-in material in the gland, which is then released.
3. If you have been prescribed an ointment, rub it on the eyelashes now.
No proven evidence exists that modifying your diet helps reduce the chance of developing chalazion but similar advice given to patients with severe acne may be appropriate for some individuals. This includes:
Getting into regular habits of sufficient sleep, moderate sun exposure, exercise and fresh air may improve skin health, the hygiene of the skin and the glands of the eyelids. Stress is often anecdotally associated with episodes of recurrent chalazion, although this has not been established by medical research.
Two other treatments can be used on more advanced chalazion.
Letter from a patient
Dear Mr Malhotra
I am writing to thank you for the surgery you carried out to treat my syringoma. My sincere apologies for not writing sooner.
I really appreciate you taking the time to assess me and agree to carry out the treatments, which were relatively painless; in fact the thought of the operations was more painful than the actual procedure!
I would like to tell you that for the first time in twenty years I am no longer hiding my eyes or conscious of what other people think of the way I look. I am now confident to wear make up, and feel good about myself without being afraid of drawing attention to my eyes.
I am happy to say that there is no scarring, and no pigmentation when I have caught the sun, although I do ensure that my skin is not overly exposed.
My sincere thanks to you and all your team, everyone was wonderful to me and kept me informed all the way.
Thank you once again, you truly are a wonderful surgeon, and I am extremely grateful to you for giving me the opportunity to regain my confidence.